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:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (8-2014) ::
aumj 2014, 3(3): 171-180 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of Removal Efficiency of Nano Sized Alumina for Removal of Acid Red 18 from Aqueous Solutions
M.H. Dehghani, Z. Norozi, E. Nikfar , M. Vosoghi
MSc in Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , e.nikfar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4374 Views)
Background and Objectives: Acid Red 18 dye was one of the Azo colors that are used in textile and dyeing industries. These dyes are often toxic and carcinogenic to humans and the environment as pollution. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating on nano alumina efficiency for removal of Acid Red 18 dye from aqueous solutions. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in the laboratory scales and effect of The initial concentration of dye (25 to 100 mg/l), pH solution (3, 7, 11), nano alumina concentration (0.1, 0.4, 1, 1.5 g/l) and contact time in range 5 to 240 min on dye removal efficiency were evaluated. Also kinetic and isotherm models of adsorption process were evaluated. Results: The high removal efficiency was observed in pH=3, contact time=60 min and Adsorbent concentration of 0.4 g/L. The rate of color removal were 63/24, 50/84 and 20 percent respectively at pH of 3, 7 and 11 for the initial dye concentration of 25 mg/l and 0.4 g/l mass absorbent that showing with increasing pH removal efficiency is reduced. the studied dye absorption isotherm was fitted Langmuir model (R2=0.994) which was 83.33 mg/g for maximum adsorption. The results from kinetic studies showed that removal of the studied dye was best described by pseudo-second order kinetic model (r2=0.999). Conclusion: The present study shows nano alumina powder is promising adsorbent for removal of Acid Red 18 from aqueous solution.
Keywords: Acid Red 18, Nano Alumina, Adsorption Isotherm, Adsorption Kinetics
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/14 | Accepted: 2015/01/14 | Published: 2015/01/14
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Dehghani M, Norozi Z, Nikfar E, Vosoghi M. Investigation of Removal Efficiency of Nano Sized Alumina for Removal of Acid Red 18 from Aqueous Solutions. aumj. 2014; 3 (3) :171-180
URL: http://aums.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-241-en.html

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Volume 3, Issue 3 (8-2014) Back to browse issues page
نشریه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز Alborz University Medical Journal
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