[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (8-2013) ::
aumj 2013, 2(3): 121-127 Back to browse issues page
Knowledge Regarding Symptoms and Risk Factors and Screening of Breast Cancer in Women Under 30 Years and Their Practice Relative to Self-Examination
F. Jafari 1 , F. Azami 2
Social Medicine expert, Department of Social Medicine, Shahed University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Jafarifarhaddr@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6760 Views)
Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women worldwide. In Iran, breast cancer ranks first among cancers diagnosed in women. Nevertheless, many of women haven’t enough knowledge about breast cancer risk factors and symptoms. The main reason for this escalating mortality is lack of awareness and late diagnosis of disease. The aim of present study assessed the knowledge about risk factors and symptoms of breast cancer, also the screening method and practice (Breast self examination) about it. Methods: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. In this study 340 red crescent volunteer women participated in a national congress were selected with convenience sampling method. The data collection instrument consisted of a three part questionnaire which included demographic factors, Knowledge level about risk factors, symptoms and screening methods of breast cancer and questions concerning practice about breast self examination (BSE).The study tool was a researcher-designed questionnaire which could evaluated a number of variables. After data collection, analysis was carried out with descriptive tests by SPSS.16 software. Results: The mean age of subjects was 23±2.1yrs. Knowledge about breast cancer risk factors was very poor, the most widely known risk factor and lowest among the participants was family history of breast cancer (30.6 %) and early menarche (under 12 years) (0.3%) respectively. Only 47.9% respondents correctly recognized breast lump and 11.2% breast discharge as the most common symptoms of breast cancer.30% of subjects were aware of BSE. However, a lesser proportion (9.4%) was done BSE regular monthly every few months. Conclusion: Regarding the low level of the women’s knowledge about breast cancer especially in young educated women, screening and interventional programs to improve awareness and practice is essential.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Knowledge, Risk factors, Symptoms, Screening, Breast self- examination
Full-Text [PDF 267 kb]   (1522 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/03/07 | Accepted: 2014/03/07 | Published: 2014/03/07
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafari F, Azami F. Knowledge Regarding Symptoms and Risk Factors and Screening of Breast Cancer in Women Under 30 Years and Their Practice Relative to Self-Examination. aumj. 2013; 2 (3) :121-127
URL: http://aums.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-135-en.html

Volume 2, Issue 3 (8-2013) Back to browse issues page
نشریه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز Alborz University Medical Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4212