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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (5-2015) ::
aumj 2015, 4(2): 84-90 Back to browse issues page
The Seroepidemiology of Haemophilus Influenzae Type b in Children Under 6 Years Old in Khorramabad, Iran
N. Ansari, K. Pourrostami, F. Firoozeh, M. Zibaei
Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical, Sciences, Karaj, Iran , zibaeim@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2669 Views)
Background and Objective: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is now recognized as an agent of bacterial meningitis in Asia. Polyribosil Ribitol Phosphate (PRP) capsule are in all of the strains and IgG antibodies can be target. Due to limited studies on H. influenzae type b in the country and the lack of sufficient information on the status of carriers, achieve a comprehensive model of the spread of the bacteria in the carrier's most vulnerable children is the aim of this study. Material and Methods: In this study, 194 (49% female and 51% male) serum samples were collected from children under 6 years old referred to medical centers in Korram Abad. The serological study of H. influenzae type b was carried using anti-H. influenzae PRP IgG antibodies kit by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: Of 194 children under 6 years-old screened for H. influenzae-specific IgG antibodies with ELISA, 6 (3 percent) were IgG seropositive. Prevalence of bacteria in children under 2 years was 67% that demonstrated no significant association between seropositivity in subjects and place of residence of children with the prevalence of bacteria. Conclusion: The prevalence of H. influenzae type b seropositivity in our study was 3% of the total sample. In current study, a higher percentage of males than females were seropositive and frequency of predominant bacteria in patients younger than 2 years. The age factor is a variable that positively affects serum. Regarding to non-Hib vaccination in children, the presence of the bacteria in children can be important.
Keywords: Children, ELISA, Haemophilus influenzae, Seroprevalence
Full-Text [PDF 285 kb]   (892 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/08/04 | Accepted: 2015/08/04 | Published: 2015/08/04
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Ansari N, Pourrostami K, Firoozeh F, Zibaei M. The Seroepidemiology of Haemophilus Influenzae Type b in Children Under 6 Years Old in Khorramabad, Iran. aumj. 2015; 4 (2) :84-90
URL: http://aums.abzums.ac.ir/article-1-307-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 2 (5-2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی البرز Alborz University Medical Journal
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